3. Chunya Wang, Wenxing Chen, Kailun Xia, Nanhong Xie, Huimin Wang, Yingying Zhang*.Silk‐Derived 2D Porous Carbon Nanosheets with Atomically‐Dispersed Fe‐Nx‐C Sites for Highly Efficient Oxygen Reaction Catalysts. Small. 2019, DOI: 10.1002/smll.201804966.

2. Chunya Wang, Nan-Hong Xie, Yelong Zhang, Zhenghong Huang, Kailun Xia, Huimin Wang, Shaojun Guo*, Bo-Qing Xu*, and Yingying Zhang*.Silk Derived Highly Active Oxygen Electrocatalysts for Flexible and Rechargeable Zn-Air Battery . Chem. Mater. 2019, DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b04572.

1. Chunya Wang, Kailun Xia, Huimin Wang, Xiaoping Liang, Zhe Yin, Yingying Zhang*.Advanced Carbon for Flexible and Wearable Electronics. Advanced Materials. 2019, DOI: 10.1002/adma.201801072.


10. Zhe Yin, Muqiang Jian, Chunya Wang, Kailun Xia, Zhehong Liu, Qi Wang, Mingchao Zhang, Huimin Wang, Xiaoping Liang, Xiao Liang, Youwen Long, Xiaohui Yu,Yingying Zhang*. Splash-Resistant and Light-Weight Silk-Sheathed Wires for Textile Electronics. Nano Lett. 2018, 18(11):7085-7091..

9. Zhen Yang, Yu Pang, Xiao-lin Han, Yifan Yang, Jiang Ling, Muqiang Jian, Yingying Zhang, Yi Yang*, Tian-ling Ren*. Graphene Textile Strain Sensor with Negative Variation for Human Motion Detection. ACS Nano. 12(9):9134-9141..

8.Yangyong Sun, Liangwei Yang, Kailun Xia, Haizhou Liu, Dong Han, Yingying Zhang*, Jin Zhang*. “Snowing” Graphene using Microwave Ovens. Advanced Materials. 2018, 30(40):1803189(1-8).

7.Mingchao Zhang, Ke Chen, Chunya Wang, Muqiang Jian, Zhe Yin, Zhenglian Liu, Guo Hong, Zhongfan Liu,Yingying Zhang*. Mineral-templated three-dimensional graphene architectures for energy-efficient electrodes. Small. 2018, 14 (22): 1801009(1-9).

6. Huimin Wang, Chunya Wang, Muqiang Jian, Qi Wang, Kailun Xia, Zhe Yin, Mingchao Zhang, Xiaoping Liang, Yingying Zhang*. Superelastic Wire-shaped Supercapacitor Sustaining 850% Tensile Strain Based on Carbon Nanotube@Graphene Fiber. Nano Research. 2018. 11(5), 2347-2356.


5. Zhen Yang, Dan-Yang Wang, Yu Pang, Yu-Xing Li, Qian Wang, Tian-Yu Zhang, Jia-Bin Wang, Xiao Liu, Yi-Yan Yang, Jin-Ming Jian, Mu-Qiang Jian, Yingying Zhang, Yi Yang*, Tian-Ling Ren*.Simultaneously Detecting Subtle and Intensive Human Motions Based on a Silver Nanoparticles Bridged Graphene Strain Sensor.ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2018, 10 (4), 3948-3954.

4. S. Ling, Q. Wang, D. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhang, X. Mu, D. L. Kaplan*, M. J. Buehler*.Integration of Stiff Graphene and Tough Silk for the Design and Fabrication of Versatile Electronic Materials.Adv. Funct. Mater. 2018, 28(9):1705291.

3. Yu Pang, Kunning Zhang, Zhen Yang, Song Jiang, Zhenyi Ju, Yuxing Li, Xuefeng Wang, Danyang Wang, Muqiang Jian, Yingying Zhang, Renrong Liang*, He Tian*, Yi Yang*, Tian-Ling Ren*.Epidermis Microstructure Inspired Graphene Pressure Sensor with Random Distributed Spinosum for High Sensitivity and Large Linearity.ACS Nano. 2018, 12 (3), 2346–2354.

2. Yu-Tao Li, He Tian, Hai-Ming Zhao, Mu-Qiang Jian, Yu-Jia Lv, Ye Tian, Qian Wang, Yi Yang, Yan Xiang*, Yingying Zhang*, Tian-Ling Ren*. A novel cell-scale bio-nanogenerator based on electron-ion interaction for fast light power conversion.Nanoscale. 2018, 10, 526-532.

1. Kailun Xia, Chunya Wang, Muqiang Jian, Qi Wang, Yingying Zhang*. CVD growth of fingerprint-like patterned 3D graphene film for an ultrasensitive pressure sensor . Nano Research. 2018, 11(2):1124-1134.


15. Chunya Wang, Kailun Xia, Mingchao Zhang, Muqiang Jian, and Yingying Zhang*. An All Silk-Derived Dual-Mode E-skin for Simultaneous Temperature-Pressure Detection.ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 2017, 9 (45), 39484–39492.

14. Yongliang Cheng, Chunya Wang, Junwen Zhong, Shizhe Lin, Yongjun Xiao, Qize Zhong,Hulin Jiang, Nan Wu, Wenbo Li, Shuwen Chen, Bo Wang, Yingying Zhang, Jun Zhou*. Electrospun polyetherimide electret nonwoven for bi-functional smart face mask.Nano Energy. 2017, 34, 562-569.

13. Muqiang Jian, Chunya Wang, Qi Wang, Huimin Wang, Kailun Xia, Zhe Yin, Mingchao Zhang, Xiaoping Liang, Yingying Zhang*. Advanced carbon materials for flexible and wearable sensors . Science China Materials. 2017, 60(11), 1026-1062. (Invited Review Paper)


12. Mingchao Zhang, Chunya Wang,Xiaoping Liang,Zhe Yin, Kailun Xia, Huimin Wang, Muqiang Jian, and Yingying Zhang*. Weft-Knitted Fabric for a Highly Stretchable and Low-Voltage Wearable Heater . Advanced Electronic Materials. 2017, 3(9), 201700193.

11.Zhe Yin, Huimin Wang, Muqiang Jian, Yanshen Li, Kailun Xia, Mingchao Zhang, Chunya Wang, Qi Wang, Ming Ma, Quan-shui Zheng, and Yingying Zhang*. Extremely Black Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays for Solar Steam GenerationACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 2017, 9:28596-28603.

10. Chunya Wang, Kailun Xia, Muqiang Jian, Huimin Wang, Mingchao Zhang, Yingying Zhang*. Carbonized silk georgette as ultrasensitive wearable strain sensor for full-range human activity monitoring. Journal of Materials Chemistry C. 2017, 5:7604-7611.

9. Wang. C.Y., Zhang. M.C. , Xia. K. L., Gong. X.Q., Wang. H.M., Yin. Z., Guan B. L., Zhang. Y. Y.*. Intrinsically Stretchable and Conductive Textile by a Scalable Process for Elastic Wearable Electronics. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 2017, 9 (15): 13331–13338.

8. Wang. Q., Jian. M.Q., Wang. C. Y., Zhang. Y. Y.*. Carbonized silk nanofiber membrane for transparent and sensitive electronic skin. Advanced Functional Materials. 2017.27.1605657.

7. Jian. M.Q., Xia. K.L., Wang. Q., Yin. Z., Wang. H. M., Wang. C.Y., Xie. H.H., Zhang. M.C., Zhang. Y. Y.*. Flexible and Highly Sensitive Pressure Sensors Based on Bionic Hierarchical Structures. Advanced Functional Materials.2017, 27, 1606066 .

6. Zhang. R. F., Zhang. Y. Y., Wei. F.*Controlled Synthesis of Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes with Perfect Structures and Extraordinary Properties Acc. Chem. Res. 2017, 50, 179-189.

5. Rufan Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Fei Wei*. Horizontally aligned carbon nanotube arrays: growth mechanism, controlled synthesis, characterization, properties and applications. Chemical Society Reviews. 2017,46,3661-3715.

4. Mingchao Zhang, Chunya Wang, Huimin Wang, Muqiang Jian,Xiangyang Hao*, Yingying Zhang*. Carbonized Cotton Fabric for High Performance Wearable Strain Sensors. Advanced Functional Materials. 2017, 27, 1604795.

3. Liu. J.H., Xie. H. H., Hu. Y. D., Zhang. X.*, Zhang. Y.Y.. Thermal transport in suspended SWCNTs at high heat fluxes. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 2017, 108, 572.

2. Zhang S. M., Peng D. L., Xie H. H., Zheng Q.S., Zhang. Y. Y.*. Investigation on the Formation Mechanism of Double-Layer Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays via Single-Step Chemical Vapour Deposition. Nano-Micro Lett. 2017, 9: 12. 

1. Chen, X. D., Chen, Z., Jiang, W. S., Zhang, C., Sun, J., Wang, H., Xin, W., Lin, L., Priydarshi, M. K., Yang, H., Liu, Z. B., Tian, J. G., Zhang. Y. Y.*, Zhang. Y. F.*, Liu, Z. F.*. Fast Growth and Broad Applications of 25-Inch Uniform Graphene Glass. Adv Mater. 2017, 29,1603428.


14. Wang, Q.; Wang, C.; Zhang, M.; Jian, M.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Feeding Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes or Graphene to Silkworms for Reinforced Silk Fibers. Nano Lett. 2016, 16 (10), 6695-6700.


Nature Nanotechnology “Research Highlights”:  Silky but tough

C&E NewsSilkworms that eat carbon nanotubes and graphene spin tougher silk

Washington Post: Chinese scientists made worms produce super silk by feeding them a nanotube diet

Nanowerk Silkworms eating graphene spin silk twice as strong

X-MOL   “桑蚕吐出纳米碳掺杂蚕丝”

13. Zhang, M.; Wang, C.; Wang, Q.; Jian, M.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Sheath-Core Graphite/Silk Fiber Made by Dry-Meyer-Rod-Coating for Wearable Strain Sensors. ACS Appl Mater Inter. 2016, 8 (32), 20894-20899.

12. Xia, K. L.; Jian, M. Q.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Advances in Wearable and Flexible Conductors Based on Nanocarbon Materials. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica. 2016, 32 (10), 2427-2446.

11. Chen, Z. L.; Guan, B. L.; Chen, X. D.; Zeng, Q.; Lin, L.; Wang, R. Y.; Priydarshi, M. K.; Sun, J. Y.; Zhang, Z. P.; Wei, T. B.; Li, J. M.; Zhang. Y. F.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Liu, Z. F.*, Fast and uniform growth of graphene glass using confined-flow chemical vapor deposition and its unique applications. Nano Research. 2016, 9 (10), 3048-3055.

10. Sui, C.; Luo, Q. T.; He, X. D.; Tong, L. Y.; Zhang, K.; Zhang. Y. Y.; Zhang. Y.; Wu, J. Y.*; Wang, C.*, A study of mechanical peeling behavior in a junction assembled by two individual carbon nanotubes. Carbon. 2016, 107, 651-657.

9. Wang, C. Y.; Li, X.; Gao, E. L.; Jian, M. Q.; Xia, K. L.; Wang, Q.; Xu, Z. P.; Ren, T. L.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Carbonized Silk Fabric for Ultrastretchable, Highly Sensitive, and Wearable Strain Sensors. Advanced Materials. 2016, 28 (31), 6640-6648.


a)        “丝绸之路”——从桑蚕丝绸到可穿戴智能设备

b)        通往可穿戴智能设备的“丝绸之路”——从桑蚕丝绸到柔性应变传感器

c)        清华大学张莹莹课题组首次报道桑蚕丝基柔性力学传感器

8.Xia, K. L.; Artyukhov, V. I.; Sun, L. F.; Zheng, J. Y.; Jiao, L. Y.; Yakobson, B. I.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Growth of large-area aligned pentagonal graphene domains on high-index copper surfaces. Nano Research. 2016, 9 (7), 2182-2189.

7. Wang, C. Y.; Wu, S. Y.; Jian, M. Q.; Xie, J. R.; Xu, L. P.; Yang, X. D.; Zheng, Q. S.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Silk nanofibers as high efficient and lightweight air filter. Nano Research. 2016, 9 (9), 2590-2597.


a)        Towards green, lightweight and highly efficient silk nanofiber-based air filters 

b)        蚕丝纳米纤维用于绿色、轻质、高效的雾霾防护材料

6. Jian, M.; Xie, H.; Wang, Q.; Xia, K.; Yin, Z.; Zhang, M.; Deng, N.; Wang, L.; Ren, T.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Volatile-nanoparticle-assisted optical visualization of individual carbon nanotubes and other nanomaterials. Nanoscale. 2016, 8 (27), 13437-44.


5. Zhang, R.; Ning, Z.; Xu, Z.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Xie, H.; Ding, F.; Chen, Q.; Zhang, Q.; Qian, W.; Cui, Y.; Wei, F*., Interwall Friction and Sliding Behavior of Centimeters Long Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Nano Lett. 2016, 16 (2), 1367-74.

4. Xia, K. L.; Jian, M. Q.; Zhang, W. L.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Visualization of Graphene on Various Substrates Based on Water Wetting Behavior. Advanced Materials Interfaces. 2016, 3 (6).

3. Xie, H. H.; Zhang, R. F.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Yin, Z.; Jian, M. Q.; Wei, F*., Preloading catalysts in the reactor for repeated growth of horizontally aligned carbon nanotube arrays. Carbon. 2016, 98, 157-161.

2. Wei, N.; Huang, H. X.; Liu, Y.; Yang, L. J.; Wang, F. L.; Xie, H. H.; Zhang. Y. Y.; Wei, F.; Wang, S.*; Peng, L. M.*, Nanoscale color sensors made on semiconducting multi-wall carbon nanotubes. Nano Research. 2016, 9 (5), 1470-1479.

1. Enriquez, E.*; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Aiping Chen, Zhenxing Bi, Yongqiang Wang, Engang Fu, Zachary Harrell, Xujie Lü, Paul Dowden, Haiyan Wang, Chonglin Chen and Quanxi Jia*Epitaxial growth and physical properties of ternary nitride thin films by polymer-assisted deposition. Applied Physics Letters. 2016, 109 (8), 081907.


1. Zhang, W. L.; Xie, H. H.; Zhang, R. F.; Jian, M. Q.; Wang, C. Y.; Zheng, Q. S.; Wei, F.; Zhang. Y. Y.*, Synthesis of three-dimensional carbon nanotube/graphene hybrid materials by a two-step chemical vapor deposition process. Carbon. 2015, 86, 358-362.


5. Li, P.; Wang, C. Y.; Li, Z.; Zong, Y. C.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Yang, X. D.; Li, S. Q.; Wei, F., Hierarchical carbon-nanotube/quartz-fiber films with gradient nanostructures for high efficiency and long service life air filters. Rsc Advances. 2014, 4 (96), 54115-54121.

4. Li, P.; Wang, C. Y.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Wei, F.*, Air Filtration in the Free Molecular Flow Regime: A Review of High-Efficiency Particulate Air Filters Based on Carbon Nanotubes. Small. 2014, 10 (22), 4543-4561.

3. Chen, Y.; Zhang. Y. Y.; Hu, Y.; Kang, L.; Zhang, S.; Xie, H.; Liu, D.; Zhao, Q.; Li, Q.; Zhang, J.*, State of the art of single-walled carbon nanotube synthesis on surfaces. Adv Mater. 2014, 26 (34), 5898-922.

2. Xie, H.; Zhang, R.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zhang, W.; Jian, M.; Wang, C.; Wang, Q.; Wei, F.*, Graphene/graphite sheet assisted growth of high-areal-density horizontally aligned carbon nanotubes. Chem Commun (Camb). 2014, 50 (76), 11158-61.

1. Wang, C. Y.; Li, P.; Zong, Y. C.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Li, S. Q.; Wei, F.*, A high efficiency particulate air filter based on agglomerated carbon nanotube fluidized bed. Carbon. 2014, 79, 424-431.


11. Zhang, R.; Ning, Z.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zheng, Q.; Chen, Q.; Xie, H.; Zhang, Q.; Qian, W.; Wei, F.*, Superlubricity in centimetres-long double-walled carbon nanotubes under ambient conditions. Nat Nanotechnol. 2013, 8 (12), 912-6.

10. Jin, Y.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zhang, Q.; Zhang, R.; Li, P.; Qian, W.; Wei, F.*, Multi-walled carbon nanotube-based carbon/carbon composites with three-dimensional network structures. Nanoscale. 2013, 5 (13), 6181-6.

9. Zhang, R.; Ning, Z.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Xie, H.; Zhang, Q.; Qian, W.; Chen, Q.*; Wei, F.*, Facile manipulation of individual carbon nanotubes assisted by inorganic nanoparticles. Nanoscale. 2013, 5 (14), 6584-8.

8. Zhang, R.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zhang, Q.; Xie, H.; Qian, W.; Wei, F.*, Growth of half-meter long carbon nanotubes based on Schulz–Flory distribution. ACS Nano. 2013, 7 (7), 6156-6161.

7. Zhang, R.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zhang, Q.; Xie, H.; Wang, H.; Nie, J.; Wen, Q.; Wei, F.*, Optical visualization of individual ultralong carbon nanotubes by chemical vapour deposition of titanium dioxide nanoparticles. Nat Commun. 2013, 4, 1727.

6. Zhang, Q.; Huang, J. Q.; Qian, W. Z.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Wei, F.*, The Road for Nanomaterials Industry: A Review of Carbon Nanotube Production, Post-Treatment, and Bulk Applications for Composites and Energy Storage. Small. 2013, 9 (8), 1237-1265.

5. Li, P.; Zong, Y.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Yang, M.; Zhang, R.; Li, S.; Wei, F.*, In situ fabrication of depth-type hierarchical CNT/quartz fiber filters for high efficiency filtration of sub-micron aerosols and high water repellency. Nanoscale. 2013, 5 (8), 3367-72.

4. Xie, H. H.; Zhang, R. F.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Li, P.; Jin, Y. G.; Wei, F.*, Growth of high-density parallel arrays of ultralong carbon nanotubes with catalysts pinned by silica nanospheres. Carbon. 2013, 52, 535-540.

3. Zhang, R. F.; Xie, H. H.; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Zhang, Q.; Jin, Y. G.; Li, P.; Qian, W. Z.; Wei, F.*, The reason for the low density of horizontally aligned ultralong carbon nanotube arrays. Carbon. 2013, 52, 232-238.

2. Ouyang, W.; Liu, X. Z.; Li, Q.*; Zhang. Y. Y.; Yang, J.; Zheng, Q. S.*, Optical methods for determining thicknesses of few-layer graphene flakes. Nanotechnology. 2013, 24 (50), 505701.

1. Haberkorn, N.*; Zhang. Y. Y.*; Kim, J.; McCleskey, T. M.; Burrell, A. K.; Depaula, R. F.; Tajima, T.; Jia, Q. X.; Civale, L., Upper critical magnetic field and vortex-free state in very thin epitaxial delta-MoN films grown by polymer-assisted deposition. Superconductor Science & Technology. 2013, 26 (10).


4Zhang. Y. Y.; Zhang, J.*, Application of Resonance Raman Spectroscopy in the Characterization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Acta Chimica Sinica. 2012, 70 (22), 2293-2305.

3. Yu, X. H.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang. Y. Y.; Wang, L. P.; Zhao, Y. S.*, Comparative studies of yield strength and elastic compressibility between nanocrystalline and bulk cobalt. Journal of Applied Physics. 2012, 111 (11).

2Zhang. Y. Y.*; Ronning, F.; Gofryk, K.; Mara, N. A.; Haberkorn, N.; Zou, G.; Wang, H.; Lee, J. H.; Bauer, E.; McCleskey, T. M.; Burell, A. K.; Civale, L.; Zhu, Y. T.; Jia, Q.*, Aligned carbon nanotubes sandwiched in epitaxial NbC film for enhanced superconductivity. Nanoscale. 2012, 4 (7), 2268-71.

1. Li, X. L.*; Cho, J. H.; Li, N.; Zhang. Y. Y.; Williams, D.; Dayeh, S. A.; Picraux, S. T.*, Carbon Nanotube-Enhanced Growth of Silicon Nanowires as an Anode for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials. 2012, 2 (1), 87-93.


1. Zhang. Y. Y.*; Haberkorn, N.; Ronning, F.; Wang, H. Y.; Mara, N. A.; Zhuo, M. J.; Chen, L.; Lee, J. H.; Blackmore, K. J.; Bauer, E.; Burrell, A. K.; McCleskey, T. M.; Hawley, M. E.; Schulze, R. K.; Civale, L.; Tajima, T.; Jia, Q. X.*, Epitaxial Superconducting delta-MoN Films Grown by a Chemical Solution Method. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 2011, 133 (51), 20735-20737.

Book chapter:

  1. Rufan Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Fei Wei. “Synthesis and Properties of Ultralong Carbon Nanotubes” (Chapter 4) in “Nanotubes Superfiber Materials” Edited by Mark J. Schulz, Vesselin N. Shanov and Zhangzhang Yin; Elsevier, 2013.
  2. Muqiang Jian, Kailun Xia, Huanhuan Xie, Yingying Zhang*. “Challenge and opportunities of carbon nanotubes” (Chapter 15) in “Industrial Applications of Carbon Nanotubes” edited by Huisheng Peng, Quingwen Li and Tao Chen. Elsevier, 2017.



  • 21. 一种用于二维材料反复转移的贴膜及制备、使用方法.



  • 20. 石墨烯保护膜的制备方法、石墨烯保护膜及其使用方法.



  • 19. 负载有碳纳米管的碳化织物及其气流传感器的制备方法.



  • 18. 一种基于碳纳米管薄膜的太阳能海水淡化或污水处理方法.



  • 17. 一种以矿石为模板的石墨烯泡沫及其制备方法和应用. 



  • 16. 一种基于碳化织物的柔性电极.  



  • 15. 一种基于莫代尔针织织物的可拉伸导电材料及用途.



  • 14. 一种柔性压力传感器及其制备方法



  • 13. 一种柔性透明导电薄膜的制备方法及所得产物



  • 12. 一种柔性压力传感器及其制备方法



  • 11. 一种基于织物的柔性可穿戴应变传感器及制备方法.



  • 10. 一种实现二维原子晶体材料在基底表面光学可视化的方法.




  • 9. 基于蚕丝纳米纤维的空气过滤设备.



  • 8. 基于蚕丝纳米纤维的空气过滤设备.




  • 7. 一种实现低维纳米材料的光学可视化的方法.



  • 6. 一种基于碳纳米管的空气过滤材料及其制备方法.


              专利申请号:201210031785.X  授权公告日:2015.05.20

  • 5.  一种碳纳米管线轴及其制备方法与编织方法.


              专利授权号:201210229357.8 授权公告日:2014.05.28

  • 4. 一种特定壁数和直径的碳纳米管的制备方法.


        专利授权号:201210229402.X 授权公告日:2014.01.29

  • 3. 一种移动恒温区法制备超长碳纳米管的方法.


        专利授权号:201210260099.X 授权公告日:2014.06.04

  • 2.   Carbon nanotube/metal carbide composites with enhanced properties.

         Inventors: Guifu Zou, Yingying Zhang, A. K. Burrell, T. M. Mccleskey, Quanxi Jia.

         US Patent Application No. 20120064341 U.S. Patent Application No. 13/240,071.

         U.S. Patent Application 13/240,071[P]. 2011-9-22.

  • 1. Elastic conductor.

        Inventors: Yingying Zhang, Quanxi Jia.

        US Patent Application No. 20110278040

        U.S. Patent Application No. 12/779,588. 2010-5-13.